Make your own free website on

dd01352_.wmf (796 bytes)

  Rufus Ingalls  

dd01352_.wmf (796 bytes)

News & Discoveries

Chronology A Snapshot of Rufus Ingalls' Life 1818-1893

A New America

1818 - 1845 Maine, West Point and the Frontier

Mexican War New Mexico

California and the Gold Rush Desertions, scurvy and W.T. Sherman

Oregon Territory 1849 Ingalls builds Ft. Vancouver

The West Joins the US

Oregon and Washington

Steptoe Expedition and Brigham Young American history changed by one topographer's death in Utah.

The Pig War George Pickett and the disagreement with Britain.

Civil War

Ft. Pickens, Florida and the start of the War for Southern Independence Lack of communication may have changed the start of the war.  Ingalls was on a ship originally ordered to Ft. Sumter. Lincoln's 'secret' mission sent it to Florida.

The Army of the Potomac Montgomery Meigs and Herman Haupt

1861Building an Army

1862 Huge Deployment

1863 Lee Goes North

1864 Northern Virginia

1865 Petersburg and Appomattox

An Army Needs Shoes and Horses

City Point, Virginia The largest port in the world built by Rufus

A Different America

Peacetime Army

QM General

What Do You Do After 40 Years of Adventure?

Friends and Acquaintances

U.S. Grant


Photos An Assortment of Photos from The Library of Congress

Official Quotes

Why Ingalls?


Credits and Thanks

E-mail Webmaster

Rufus Ingalls of Denmark, Maine saw America grow and change as no one in his era did, with his own eyes.  A glance at the maps of the country in 1820 and 1900, on the right, show how dramatically the size and shape of the United States would change during his lifetime.  He would see and be involved with a large part of that change.

Rufus displayed amazing skill at managing and transporting the vast supply network that looks like the new 'just in time' methods, with a few addtionial problems that the modern logistics managers do not have to deal with.   Things like burnt bridges, or raiders, or 4,000 horses with hoof and mouth disease.   The trials and situations presented to him often seemed insurmountable, yet he was always ready to accomplish the impossible without complaint.

The people, places and things that Rufus Ingalls experienced could fill a huge volume.   Grant, Pickett, Sherman and Longstreet, to name a few, were among his classmates at West Point.  Brigham Young, Kit Carson, Ben Holladay, and Abraham Lincoln are some of the more famous people that he would know.   New Mexico, California and Oregon were faraway, barely explored  places far beyond the frontier when he was young.  Disease, discomfort, and numerous  hardships were an everyday reality during most of his life. 

The conquest of New Mexico was accomplished without only a few shots being fired.  The Pig War's only casualty was a pig. The Civil War casualties and the toll on the Indians would be staggering during his career.    The events during his lifetime had a tremendous impact on the world we live in today.  You can't answer the 'what ifs' in history. But his is a story that has a lot of them at critical times.

Quartermasters supply the army and in his duties as a Quartermaster he rafted logs to build quarters in the new Oregon Territory and built the huge City Point depot near Petersburg in a matter of days. In his 40 years in the Army, only words of praise can be found attached to his name.

Ingalls was at every major battle of the Army of the Potomac.  Usually with his closest friends on the opposite side.  He was on board a ship that was originally ordered to Ft. Sumter in early April 1861 and was in the room during the surrender at Appomattox Court House.  He was a frequent guest at the White House during Grant's administration.  George Pickett even named his dog 'Rufe'.  

Rufus Ingalls would become a Major General and the Quartermaster General of the Army in his career.

Ingalls street in San Francisco is named for him.  Yet, his home state has nothing to commemorate this great American. 

I have found Rufus Ingalls to be an interesting part of American history,  I hope you will too.

Larry Davis

Ingalls_sm.JPG (10483 bytes)

General Rufus Ingalls

Meade_Staff copy.JPG (8326 bytes)

Meade's Staff
The Army of the Potomac

us_1820.JPG (26458 bytes)

The US in 1820
Maine Becomes a State

us_1900.JPG (17879 bytes)

The US in 1900





Updated February 09, 2002 L.R. Davis